Types of Kidney Stones

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Symptoms and Diagnosis

Types of Stones

Dietary Prevention

Xray/ CT Scan/ Ultrasound/ IVP

Surgical Removal/ Lithotripsy

Causes of Stones

Genetic Causes

Medical Diseases

Infections

Metabolic Syndrome and Diabetes

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The type of kidney stone depends on several factors that cause the precipitation of a crystal(s) which eventually either grows or aggregates into a stone.  Urinary concentrations of calcium, oxalate, citrate, phosphate, uric acid, magnesium, and certain proteins are believed to promote or inhibit the formation.  Other factors including urine pH (a measure of the urine acidity) and infections can also play critical roles.

The following is a list of the common types of stones: