was alleged by Whittaker
to be a member of the so-called Ware
Group, an "underground cell" of Washington-area
communists that Chambers at first claimed was
not involved in espionage.
was a lawyer and an employee of the Agricultural
Adjustment Administration during Hiss's tenure
there. He refused to answer questions about
his activities when he was subpoenaed by HUAC.
Abt discusses Chambers' charges in his autobiography,
Activist." In it, he says he knew
Chambers casually (because Chambers used an
accent, Abt thought he was a German national)
and says, contrary to Chambers' accusations,
that the group of Party members was never known
as the "Ware Group"; met only to discuss
policy and theory; and was not an "underground"
organization. He does not discuss whether Hiss
was associated with the group.