of KGB file 43173 vol. 2 (v)
pp. 46-55, attached to Alexander Vassiliev
to Hartwig, 1 Feb 2002, in Alexander Vassiliev and Frank
Cass & Co Ltd, High Court of Justice Queen's Bench
Division Claim No. HQ1X03222, Amended Particulars of
and corrected by Dr. Svetlana A. Chervonnaya against
scanned photo copies of Jury Bundle pages 303, 304
and 305 (received from David Lowenthal, April 4, 2005)
and Gorskii 1a, pp. 46-40, Gorskii 1, pp. 46-49, and
Gorskii 2, p. 60 (received from David Lowenthal, March
2005; revised October 2005 and March 2009
In the scans originally sent to me of Alexander Vassiliev's notes of the document under
discussion - scans designated here as "Gorskii 1a,
pp. 46-49" - the first page sent omitted both the
title of the document and its first five lines. The second
scan received from Dr. David Lowenthal - "Gorskii
1, pp. 46-49" - included the first five lines of
the first page but again omitted the title. Only the final
scan of the first page - "Jury Bundle, p. 303" -
displayed the complete image. Scanned images I was sent
of Jury Bundle pp. 304 and 305, on the other hand, omitted
several lines which I was able to transcribe from "Gorskii
2, p. 60." Otherwise, both texts are identical. This
translation follows the pagination found in "Jury
Bundle pp. 303-305."
the purpose of authenticity, and to bring English-speaking
readers closer to the actual Russian words used in Alexander
Vassiliev's notes, I have given all cryptonyms in
an English transliteration, adding the English translation
in square brackets. For the same reason, I have presented
some specific Russian terms in the document in an English
transliteration, again adding the English translation in
square brackets. I have also tried to make the translation
as close as possible to Alexander Vassiliev's Russian
original - supplying any missing words in square brackets
for a clearer understanding of the text.
page numbering on the left seems to be Alexander Vassiliev's
notation of the pagination in the original file he was
Gorsky's1 report – to
Savchenko S.R.2 23
Anatoly Veniaminovich, station chief (rezident) of NKGB
foreign intelligence in Washington, D.C., September 15,
1944 - December 7, 1945, under the cover of the First
Secretary of the Soviet Embassy. Operated in the U.S.
under alias of Anatoly Borisovich Gromov.
For his work in the USA was promoted to Colonel and
awarded the Patriotic War Order. From 1946 - 1950 Gorsky
was head of the 1st department of MGB Foreign Intelligence
Sergei Romanovich, head of MGB Foreign Intelligence Directorate,
September 19, 1949 - January 5, 1953; Lieutenant-General.
"Rezidentura [Field station] did not
carry out instructions on acquiring agents and since
the middle of 1949 has de facto terminated any efforts
to seek out recruiters
and new agents."
- illegible] refrained from reestablishing contact with
agents who had not failed.
"In its practical
operations, the rezidentura has proceeded along the path
of least resistance, either involving into our work persons
widely known for their contacts with the Communist Party
of the USA ("Dzhek," "Gid," "Lana," "Rur," "Kan" and
others) or trying to use as agents employees of [diplomatic]
missions of the [countries of] People's Democracies who
are sympathetic to us but do not have access to information
we are interested in."
responsibility rests with deputy rezident "Fyodor."3 Due
to his [work] overload at his main job,4 "Vladimir"5 cannot
go deep into all operational details.
3. At the time of writing of this report, Washington,
D.C. deputy station chief was Sokolov, Georgy [Yury]
4. i.e., as Soviet Ambassador to the United States.
Panyushkin, Alexander Semenovich, Chief KI [Committee of Information]
rezident in the U.S. and Ambassador, October 25, 1947 up till
June 1952; Soviet diplomat, NKGB/MGB foreign intelligence operative
and Communist Party official; Major-General.
It is essential to staff Washington rezidentura with the
best cadres of KI6 cadre
KI – Committee
of Information of the Counsel of Ministers of the USSR,
organized following an official decision on May 30,
1947. Temporarily brought MGB and military intelligence
services under the same bureaucratic roof. This integration
turned short-lived: by February 1949, military intelligence
had been completely returned under the roof of the
Department of Defense (a process that had begun in the
Summer of 1948). In its abridged form KI survived until
Failures in the USA (1938-48)
1. Karl8 – Whittaker
Chambers,9 former editor-in-chief10 of
the "Time" magazine. Traitor.
Alexander Vassiliev's selections
from his notes on Gorsky's December 23, 1949 report and his "Failures
in the U.S. (1938-48)" do not offer any indication/explanation of the
inclusion of an alleged 1934 - 1937 Razvedupr (Fourth Directorate of the General
Staff of the Red Army, earlier name of GRU) group into the then MGB's
(previously OGPU – NKVD – NKGB) "Failures List."
8. "Karl" was the name Chambers said he used as a cover name in his Communist "underground" life – and not an operational code name assigned by Soviet intelligence. It appears Gorsky is using Chambers’s self-assigned name, which he knew from reports on espionage investigations in the USA since August, 1948. This is particularly noticeable in comparison with the ten authentically looking triple-digit names in the same group.
Robert Lamphere, the FBI agent on the Venona project, emphasized
a "distinction between code names and cover names," adding that "while
KGB agent Elizabeth Bentley knew her own cover name - ‘Helen' -
which she used on her contacts with other agents, she did not know her code
name, which would be used in KGB's own correspondence with Moscow." ["The
FBI-KGB War." By Robert J. Lamphere and Tom Shachtman, 1986, p. 83.]
9. By the
time of Gorsky's
report writing, the MGB Foreign Intelligence Directorate would have already
filed lots of information on Whittaker Chambers received from the reports
of their U.S. field stations, from TASS, and from the press.
10. Vassiliev's notes of "Gorsky's
Report" promote Whittaker Chambers, who was, in fact, an associate editor
of Time magazine, that is, a member of Time's editorial
[Jerome] – Barna
Bukov (Altman),11 our former cadre officer [operative]. Now in
3. Leonard12 – Alger
Hiss,13 former official
of the State Department.
[Junior]14 – Donald
Hiss,15 former official
of the Ministry of Internal Affairs.16
Bukov (Altman), Boris Yakovlevich, was an officer of Military Intelligence (Regiment
Commissar/Colonel), 1920-1941. He was reportedly an "illegal" station
chief [rezident] of the Fourth Directorate of the General Staff
of the Red Army (Military Intelligence) in the United States,
from mid-1936 to the summer of 1939. In 1939– 1941, he was lecturer and
senior lecturer, agent-operation cycle of the Higher Special
School of the Red Army General Staff; after June 1941, chairman
of foreign countries study of a military school of the civilian Second Moscow State Pedagogical
Institute of Foreign Languages (later part of the Military Institute of Foreign Languages of the Red Army). [Lurie, V. M. and Kochick, V. Ya., "GRU:
Deeds and People." Moscow-Press,
Russian and/or American source has ever mentioned Boris
Bukov as "Jerome" - a rather unusual name in the context of the 1930s. Neither has Boris Bukov's
first name ever been spelled as "Barna." In the List's phrase, "our former operative" [that
is, career officer], "our" probably meant "Soviet."
12. Unknown pseudonym; probably assigned by MGB in late 1940s for the purpose of operational correspondence.
Gorsky was writing his report in the midst of Alger Hiss's
second trial (which opened on November 17, 1949). According to available evidence and oral history interviews, since the summer 1948, MGB foreign intelligence was closely tracking the investigations of Soviet espionage in the United States, with reports from its US stations, as well as press, TASS, and diplomatic, and intelligence reports on the Hiss case all filed and at hand in Moscow.
Unknown pseudonym of highly problematic authenticity. In
Venona decrypted cable traffic, cryptonyms deriving from
nouns or adjectives seem to be entirely of Russian origin: "Ryzhaya" ["Redhead"], "Umnitsa" ["Clever
girl"], "Mlad" ["Young" or "Junior" (sic!)], "Star" ["Old" or "Elder"],
etc. Hence in this case "Junior" should be Russian "Mlad" or any of its derivatives.
At the time of Gorsky's
writing of this list, Donald Hiss's name had long been
in the public domain in connection with Whittaker Chambers
and Alger Hiss.
According to official records, Donald Hiss's employment at the Department of
Interior (verbatim reverse translation for the "Ministry
of Internal Affairs") was limited to May 1934 - June
1936. In December 1933 - May 1934 he was a lawyer for PWA (Public
Works Administration). From June 1936 - June 1938, he was an
attorney for Department of Labor. From February 1938 - March
1945, he worked at the Department of State in various capacities.
[FBI FOIA Donald Hiss File # 101-4300.]
5. 104th17 – Henry
A. Wadleigh,18 former official
of the State Department.
6. 118th – F.
V. Reno, former employee of Aberdeen proving grounds.
7. 105th – Henry
employee of the Department of Agriculture, presently the director
of the American-Russian Institute in New York.
8. 114th – William
W. Pigman,20 former
employee of the Bureau of Standards.
9. "Shtorm" ["Storm"]21 – Joseph
Peters (aka Isidore Boorstein)22,
former member of the Central Committee of the CPUSA.
This name, as well as nine other three-digit numbered cover names look like authentic cover names used by the Soviet military intelligence in the 1930s. There are indications in the most recent (2009) Russian publications that a few three-digit numbered names may be missing, particularly “100th”, who looks like first person on the group's list.
Wadleigh confessed to being part
of Chambers' group in his December 1948 grand jury testimony,
which was repeated at Alger Hiss's trials (with the second
trial opening on November 17, 1949).
Henry Collins was named by Whittaker Chambers in August
3, 1948 HUAC hearings as part of an "underground study group" - a group
which in later testimony by Chambers was transformed into "an
espionage operation." Collins appeared in front of the
grand jury which had investigated Hiss on December 6 and 8,
William Ward Pigman was named by Whittaker Chambers as part of "an espionage
operation." However, Pigman denied the charge in his appearance before the same grand jury
in December 1948. In the mid-1930s, he worked for the National
Bureau of Standards and for the Labor and Public Welfare Committee. In the late 1940s, he was a chemist with the Institute of Paper Chemistry in Appleton, Wisconsin.
21. "Shtorm" ["Storm"]
- one of the underground names of Joseph Peters (born
Alexander Goldberger, also known as Goldfarb, Alexander Stevens,
J. Peters, Peters, Peter, Steve) "Shtorm" occurs in Venona cable traffic
(Venona, New York to Moscow, No. 687, 13 May 1944) as an unidentified
cover name. According to W. Chambers, he had known J. Peters
under the name of "Peter."
to CP USA and Comintern files at RGASPI, after J. Peters' return from Moscow
in late 1932, the CP USA CC assigned him to "cadre work" (for
which he had been trained while in Moscow) that had many aspects,
including (but not limited to) the so called "special
work." By other reports, J. Peters' work "on
the special line," or "special work," as
it was most often termed, may be dated as beginning not earlier
than late 1934 - following a direct instruction from Comintern,
J. Peters' name does
not fit any logical ranking order in-between alleged assets,
sources and contacts, since as a leaders of a Communist Party so-called "informational group"
he should have been found ahead of Chambers - the alleged courier.
HUAC August 17, 1948 hearings named J. Peters as "also known as Isidor Boorstein";
it also gave his aliases as Alexander Stevens and Peter. Isidore
Boorstein was also a name under which J. Peters traveled to
the Soviet Union. He testified before the second New York grand
jury (on January 27 and February 1, 1949) as Alexander Stevens.
10. "Vig" ["Whig"]23 – Lee
Pressman,24 former legal
counsel of the Congress of Industrial Organizations25
11. 116th – Harry
employee of a steel-smelting company in Chicago.
12. 101st – Peter
MacLean, reporter and photo journalist, his use terminated
13. 103rd – David
Carpenter, newspaper employee.
14. 107th – Felix
of employment unknown.
15. 113th – Harry
Rosenthal, employee of an insurance company in Philadelphia.
16. 115th – Lester
Huet…, [ending illegible; in March 2009 ascertained as Huettig],…former employee of the Frankford Arsenal.
17. "Ernst" ["Earnst"]28 – Noel
Field,29 former employee of
the State Department
Unknown pseudonym of unclear origin, however, obviously
belonging to the same class as "Ryzhaya," "Good girl," "Mlad," "Metr," etc.,
hence it would be wrong to translate it into English as "Wig" -
which implies an improbable, English-originated "subject" name.
However, it might derive from the Russian singular, "Vig," of
the historical British political party name, "Whigs" [or
in Russian, "Vigi."]
Gorsky might have known Pressman personally during
his U.S. posting. Pressman was initially named by Chambers
to Adolf Berle on September 2, 1939, and then again in his
August 3, 1948 HUAC testimony; his HUAC testimony was reported
by TASS (secret series). Pressman did not testify before
the New York grand jury. He was well known to Soviet authorities
through his past association with Ambassador Constantine
Oumansky (1939 - 1941), and through his 1945 visit to the
Soviet Union with a CIO delegation (Lee Pressman "informational" file
at RGASPI, 1935-1950).
Anatoly Gorsky lists the job Lee Pressman held from 1938
- January 1948, a fact reported in press and TASS reports
on Pressman's August
1948 questioning before HUAC [for example, TASS/secret report
on HUAC August 20, 1948 executive session, 21 August 1948,
p. 97-0 of the TASS secret series, also called 'Zero TASS']
- and not any of the jobs he held during 1933 - 1937, the
period of the alleged "‘Karl''s
Group" existence: 1933-1935, Assistant General Counsel
of the Agricultural Adjustment Administration; from 1935, General
Counsel in the Works Progress Administration; General Counsel
of the Resettlement Administration, 1935; General Counsel for
the Steel Workers' Organizing Committee; General Counsel
for the Textile Workers' Organizing Committee, March
1937. [all mentioned in Lee Pressman's Moscow "informational" file,
RGASPI, 495-261-20, pp. 16, 19, 25.]
Chambers told the FBI in 1942 about a man named "Azimov";
in 1945 he said this information had come to him from J.
At HUAC and
grand jury hearings, Chambers described Inslerman as "his
photographer;" however, Chambers could not identify Inslerman as the Felix he described. Felix Inslerman cooperated with U.S. authorities.
At the 1953 Senate Internal Security hearings, his brother,
Hans Inslerman, gave Felix's occupation as "electrical
Reported OGPU intelligence code name of Noel Field. Christopher
Andrew and Vasili Mitrokhin, in "The Mitrokhin Archive," 1999, p. 138, suggest
his code name as ERIK; Russian SVR official historical essays
mention an agent called "Erikh" (in German spelling)
who in the mid-1930s brought "documents and copies of
coded cables from the Department of State" on various
aspects of Washington - Soviet relationships, as well as relationships
with Germany and Japan ("Essays on the History of Russian
Foreign Intelligence." Moscow, "International Relations," 2003,
vol. 3, p. 176).
Noel Field was first named by Chambers to Adolf Berle [September 2, 1939] as a Communist and "one of Hede Massing's contacts." Further
at the August 27, 1948 HUAC hearing Chambers claimed that Hiss tried
to "draw Field in" to Hiss's alleged "Communist
espionage cell." Field was named by Hede Massing in both
her December 1948 and February 1949 New York grand jury testimony
as her State Department source, "Ernst." In all
of this testimony, Noel Field was never once described as a "military
neighbors" asset. Field’s mistaken listing under “Karl”’s group and not under the group of “Ryzhaya” (Hede Massing) adds to the problems of this list.
18. "Rupert"30 – V.
V. Sveshnikov,31 former
employee of the War Department
19. "Richard"32 – Harry
White,33 former assistant
of Treasury Secretary Morgenthau, died in '48.
aka "Jurist" ["Lawyer"]
20. "Eleron" ["Aileron"]34 – D.
Silverman,35 former chief
of planning and statistics division of the AAF
Unknown pseudonym. A cryptonym more typical of OGPU-NKVD-NKGB
operations. "Rupert" was
mentioned by Soviet Venona-period NKGB operative Alexander
Feklissov as a long-time NKGB agent he re-established contact
with in late 1944 or early 1945, as someone who allegedly gave
the Soviets their first warning that the Americans were about
to break the Soviet code.
Vladimir V. Sveshnikov, a ballistics expert for the U.S.
government. Chambers named a man he called "de Sveshnikov." Russian noble
names, however, never use the French "de." By adding "de" to
his name, Chambers might have wanted to emphasize his roots
in the nobility? Allegedly cooperated with military intelligence
from the mid-1920s through the 1930s.
NKGB intelligence code name used in operational correspondence
after September 2, 1944. Before that date, according to
the Venona decryptors, White had briefly been "Jurist" [in English, "Lawyer"]
[Venona, New York to Moscow, No. 1251, 2 September 1944]. In
the 1930s, White had reportedly been "Kassir" [that
is, "Cashier"]. The first two 1940s NKGB code names
had been personally known by Anatoly Gorsky during his time
as station chief in the United States (September 15, 1944 -
December 7, 1945).
As recorded in the files in Russian Foreign Ministry's archive (AVPR), Anatoly
Gorsky personally met with Harry Dexter White in his (Gorsky's)
official diplomatic capacity.
NKGB intelligence operational code name used by Anatoly
Gorsky ["Vadim"] in operational
correspondence of 1944 – 1945.
Seems identical to Abraham George Silverman [with English "G" being spelled
in Russian as "Dzh"]. Was publicly identified by
Chambers in 1948 as one of his sources in the 1930s - when
he (Silverman) worked at the Railway Retirement Board. Gorsky
might have listed Silverman's occupation as he remembered
it during the time of his own 1944 - 1945 operations in the
U.S. In fact, from 1942 - 1945, Silverman was chief of planning
and statistics division of the AAF [the Army Air Force] - hence
his "aviation" code name, "Eleron" ["Aileron"].
Appeared before the New York grand jury on December 15, 1948.
Silverman's name is also "ticked" (or "checked")
in Alexander Vassiliev's written notes.
21. "Rubl'" ["Ruble"]36 – Harold
Glasser,37 former chief
of the Monetary section of the Treasury
two words crossed out]
NKGB code name used by Gorsky ["Vadim"] in operational correspondence
of 1945. Identified by Venona decryptors as Harold
Harold Glasser's work at the
Department of Treasury began in November 1936. Prior to that
date, he had been at the Department of Agriculture and then
headed a research project in Minneapolis. Glasser was forced to resign from the Treasury on the last day of 1947.
Anatoly Gorsky first mistakenly identified "Rubl'" as "Moris," a
reported OGPU agent at the Department of Justice since mid-1937
- but then crossed "Moris" out.
To be historically correct, the so-called Hede Gumpertz/Massing's
group was part of Boris Bazarov - Itshak Akhmerov's illegal
residency, with Hede Massing ["Ryzhaya"/"Redhead"] serving
as recruiter and courier. The group's Soviet controllers
included: Boris Bazarov (real name Shpak) ["Nord"],
OGPU "illegal" resident in the U.S., 1935 - 1937;
Akhmerov ["Jung"], "illegal" operative
and later rezident in the U.S., 1934-1939;
Norman Borodin ["Granite"], "illegal" Soviet
operative, Bazarov's assistant;
Helen Lowry ["Ada," later "Elsa"], Akhmerov's
courier and also Earl Browder's niece, whom he married.
the number of assets of Bazarov's and Akhmerov's
rezidentura would reach eight, according to "The Mitrokhin
Archive," and "at least seven" according
to KGB Lieutenant-General Vitaly Pavlov. The operatives would be
supplemented by Akhmerov's younger assistant, Samsonov.
1. "Ryzhaya" ["Redhead"] – Hede
wife. In '38 sent to the U.S. to carry out our assignments.41 Traitor
2. "Vatsek" ["Wacek"]42 – Paul
Massing,43 research associate
[scholar] at Columbia University's Institute of Social
of j.b. p. 303]
of j.b. p. 304]
3. "Oscar" – Oscar
Bernstein, lawyer, was used for organizing covers for our
workers [operatives] in the U.S.
4. "Knyaz'" [Prince"]44 – Laurence
Duggan (aka "19th"), former official of the State
Hedwig Gumperz [original German
spelling in Moscow Comintern files] arrived in the U.S. under this name [her
first husband was Julian Gumperz; according to Comintern Gerbert Eisler file,
Eisler had never married her]; she married Paul Massing in 1936.
41. The 1938
dating of the beginning of Hede Massing's U.S. mission sounds strange in view of information on her activities in the mid-1930s. According to her own account to the FBI, in 1937
she was approached by Elizaveta Zarubina, with whom she travelled to Moscow in late 1937,
where Hede Massing stayed for a few months but somehow "managed
to escape." Hede alleged to the FBI that her cooperation with the Soviet intelligence ceased in 1938. However, it is more likely that she and her husband were allowed to return to the United states in exchange for a promise of some cooperation. Hede Massing cooperated with U.S. authorities beginning in late 1946, testified
before two New York grand juries in December 1948 and February 1949, and also
testified at Alger Hiss's second trial with extensive coverage in the U.S. press.
cryptonym that appears neither among decrypted Venona cables, nor in "The
43. Paul Massing,
arrived in the USA in or around 1935. According to Hede Massing's later
account to the FBI, in late 1937 Massing travelled with her to Moscow -
and escaped with her to the U.S. in 1938.
44. "Knyaz'" ["Prince"]
is identified by Venona decryptors as the code name of Laurence Duggan after
September 2, 1944 [Venona, New York to Moscow, No. 1251, 2 September
1944] - making this the code name that was used in Gorsky's time as Washington,
D.C. station chief. Prior to September 2, 1944, Duggan's code name had
briefly been "Shervud" ["Sherwood"] [Venona, Ibidem],
with "19th" being his first code name. According to "The
Mitrokhin Archive," after "19th" Laurence Duggan was "Frank."
5. "Yersh" ["Ruff"] – Franz
Neumann,45 former consultant
in the Department of Research and Analysis
of the OSS.
6. "Vardo" – E.
Yu. Zarubina, our former operative. [Residing] in the
Franz Neumann [1900 - 1954], distinguished member of the
Frankfurt School of economists [Frankfurt Institute of
Social Research] beginning in 1936. His most significant
work, "Behemoth: The Structure and
Practice of National Socialism 1933-1944," Oxford University
Press, 1942, 1944, remains a classic in the field of critical-theoretical
analysis of fascism and German National Socialism. In 1941,
William J. Donovan recruited Neumann to work for the U.S. Board
of Economic Warfare, and in July 1942, he became the chief
economist of the Intelligence Division at the Office of the
U.S. Chief of Staff. In 1943, Neumann was transferred to the
Office of Strategic Services (OSS), where he became deputy
chief of the Central European Section [Rolf Wiggershaus, "The
Frankfurt School," MIT Press, 1994, pp. 300-301]. During
this period he wrote his "Behemoth." In the summer
of 1945, Neumann traveled to Nuremberg, to become the first
chief of research of the International War Crimes Tribunal.
Gorsky probably lists Neumann’s occupation at the time when he was briefly a source for the Soviet foreign intelligence.
46. "Vardo" -
code name of Elisaveta Zarubina (who was
known in the United States as Zubilina), who worked
for Gorsky's service for 13 years until being discharged
in late 1946. At the time of the "‘Redhead''s
Group" operations, however, she was posted in Germany
as part of an "illegal" station, together with
her husband, Vassily Zarubin. In 1937, "Vardo" travelled
with her husband to the United States to renew their forged
U.S. passports and carry out other missions, staying for several
months. Among other tasks, "Vardo" allegedly tried to straighten
out "Redhead," who at that time was about to defect
- and took "Redhead" with her to Moscow on her
way home. For this reason, "Vardo"'s inclusion
in this "‘Redhead''s Group" listing
may relate to a later 1942-through-mid-1944 period, during
which "Vardo" reportedly visited Hede Massing on
her Pennsylvania farm and probably solicited some measure of
cooperation. According to Russian sources, "Vardo" ran
a minimum of 20 agents during her U.S. posting.
1. "Buben" ["Tambourine"] – Louis
Budenz, former member of the Central Committee of the CPUSA,
former editor of the newspaper Daily Worker,48 presently
a professor at Fordham Catholic University.
Based on its composition, this is a late 1930s anti-Trotskyite
group that would have been compromised after Budenz's defection in 1945. The
group seems far from complete - with the most conspicuous absence
being Mark Zborovsky ["Tulip"].
occupation at the time he was reportedly recruited to spy on
James Cannon, the U.S. Trotskyist leader, was editor of Labor
Age. He later became editor of the Daily Worker,
the job he held at the time of his 1945 defection. Gorsky definitely
cited the job Budenz held during Gorksy's own American
posting as Washington, D.C. station chief.
2. "Bob" – Robert
agent [traveling salesman] of a variety of trade firms.
3. "Liberal" – Frank
of employment unknown. Former member of the CPUSA, broke
with the Communist Party in '37. "Buben" was
recruited with his assistance.
4. "Chep"51 – Franklin
Zelman [Zel'man],52 without
specific occupation, husband of "Rita." Was used
as a "svyazist.".53
5. "Rita" – (aka "Satyr").
Sylvia Caldwell, technical secretary for a Trotskyite group
in New York.
6. "Harry"54 – Rabinovich,55 our
former operative, [resides] in the USSR.
OGPU/NKGB asset involved in anti-Trotsyite work and South
American work. According to Venona New York to Moscow No.
776, 25 May 45, he was in personal contact with "Vadim" [Anatoly Gorsky/Gromov]. However,
in that cable Venona decryptors identified him as "Czech" ["ChEKh"]. He
is again identified as "Chekh" in Venona New York
to Moscow No. 1613, 18 November 1944.
Unknown name. Cryptonym "Liberal" used
in Venona cable traffic as Julius Rosenberg's code name
after September 2, 1944.
Cryptonym "Chap" [identical
to Russian spelling "Chep"?] was identified by
Venona decryptors as Zalmond Franklin (aka Irving Zalmond Franklin).
The Russian spelling is identical to Franklin Zelman ["Chap"], referred
to in "The Haunted Wood" as an "NKVD agent
in New York, an American technical specialist" who in
1941 wrote a memo on Martha Dodd ["THW," p. 63],
in March 1942 had a chance meeting with Clarence Hiskey, who
told him he was working on a super-powerful "radio-active
bomb" - which resulted in Vassily Zaroubin's sending
a rave report to Moscow ["THW," p. 179], and further
attempts by Zelman to cultivate Hiskey in 1943.
Russian noun "svyazist" is
an odd usage: Russian intelligence vocabulary uses the
word "svyaznik" to describe any courier,
contact, and messenger, and "radist" to
describe a radio operator. May be a misspelling by Alexander
Vassiliev. Hence, it is inappropriate to translate it as "signaler."
Cover name not identified in Venona cable traffic. In the 1930s,
this name was used by Dr. Gregory Rabinowitz, a long-time
Soviet "illegal" intelligence
"Dr. Gregory Rabinowitz" was Gregory Lvovich Rabinovich (1892 - ?), a Soviet medical doctor and healthcare official who served as a Soviet representative at the Red Cross from September 1934 to December 1939 and used that position as a cover for intelligence activity. Rabinovich arrived in New York in or after September 1934, was recalled to Moscow in 1936 or 1937 – to be sent back to New York in or immediately after November 1937. He was finally recalled to Moscow in December 1939. He did not perish in purges as was believed earlier, but, according to his file in an obscure collection of the Soviet Communist Party Central Committee’s records, which was discovered in October 2009, continued his career as a health official.
[Rabinovich, Gregory Lvovich Soviet Communist Party “vetting” file, Fund 17, description 97 (“Section of extraterritorial party organizations”, cases on the vetting of Communists, who returned from overseas trips from 1936 to 1941”), file 1231, RGASPI.]
"Sound" and "Myrna" Groups56
The list is far from complete - mostly dealing with Golos's "political
line" assets, most of whom Anatoly Gorsky knew personally
during his time as Washington, D.C. station chief. Even in
this respect, the list is incomplete, marked, for instance,
by the absence of "Dora" who was identified by
Venona decryptors as Helen Silvermaster, the wife of and assistant
to Nathan Gregory Silvermaster. Gorsky omitted (or was not
personally aware of) several groups on the so-called "X
line" [scientific-engineering] that had originated during
Jacob Golos's late 1930s - early 1940s operations, and
had been partially compromised by Elizabeth Bentley's
defection. There might have been another report/list similar
to Gorsky's prepared by some of the former U.S. operatives
on the "X line."
*1.57 "Zvuk" ["Sound"]58 – Jacob
Golos (Raisin), our former illegal operative in the U.S. Died
*2. "Mirna" ["Myrna"]59 – Elizabeth
Bentley, former vice-president of the company United States
Service and Shipping Corporation.60 Traitor
3. "Tan" – Harry
Magdoff, former official of the Commerce Department [literal
translation "Ministry of Trade"].62
4. "Ted" – Edward
former official of the Commerce Department.64
Hereinafter asterisks indicate "ticks" (or "check
against names in A. Vassiliev's hand-written text.
Cryptonym identified by Venona decryptors as Jacob Golos.
Confirmed by "Essays
on the History of Russian Foreign Intelligence," vol.
3, pp. 180-190 (the chapter, "Yakov Golos," by
Cryptonym used in Soviet cable traffic after September
2, 1944; previously "Umnitza" ["Clever
girl"]; identified by Venona decryptors as Elizabeth
Gorsky lists Bentley's
occupation after February 1945, when she had been released
from her duties as a group handler, and had begun working for "The
United States Service and Shipping Corporation" - a Communist
Party front firm that, by agreement with the Soviet "Intourist" Bureau,
was forwarding private parcels from the U.S. to the USSR.
Cryptonym appearing only once in the decrypted Venona traffic
(1945 message); not identified by Venona decryptors; Venona
decryptors had previously (in 1944) identified "Kant" [Venona
New York to Moscow, No. 687, 13 May 1944] as Henry Samuel
Gorsky does not list Harry Magdoff's occupation during
World War II (he was at the War Production Board), giving
instead only his later job at the Commerce Department,
the job he was holding at the time of the HUAC and grand
jury hearings where he was named by Elizabeth Bentley as
a member of the Perlo group.
Edward Fitzgerald appears in Venona, No. 588, 29 April
1944 under his own name as a member of "a group of ‘zemlyaki'" ["compatriots," e.g.
Gorsky does not list Edward Fitzgerald's World War
II occupation at the War Production Board, giving instead
only his later job at the Commerce Department, the job
he was holding at the time of the HUAC and grand jury hearings
where he was named by Elizabeth Bentley as member of the
*5. "Krot" ["Mole"]65 – Charles
Kramer, former adviser to Senator Pepper.66
Charles Kramer was named by Elizabeth Bentley as a source
for the Perlo group. He appears in Venona, No. 588, 29
April 1944 under his own name as a member of "a group of ‘zemlyaki'" ["compatriots," that
is Communist Party members]. Kramer was tentatively identified
by Venona decryptors as "Plumb," in Venona, No.
687, 13 May 1944. The cryptonym "Krot" ["Mole"]
appears in the Venona traffic at a later date than "Plumb," and
was not identified by Venona decryptors.
During and immediately after World War II, Charles Kramer
worked for several U.S. Senate committees, one of the last
of which chaired by Senator Claude Pepper.
*6. "Izra"67– Donald
Wheeler, former OSS employee.
7. "Sid" – Allan
Rosenberg, former official of the Foreign Economic Administration
[Literal translation: "International
8. "Dan"68 – Stanley
Graze, Dan's brother, former Department of Defense employee
[PRECEDING SEVEN WORDS CROSSED OUT] State Department intelligence
9. "Arena"69 – Gerald
Graze,70 Dan's brother,
former Department of Defense official.
10. "Boii" ["Combat"]71 – Charles
Flato,72 former employee
of the Foreign Economic Administration.73
"Eck" *11. "Raid" ["Raider"]74 – Victor
Perlo, former official of the War Production Board.
*12. "Robert"75 – Nathan
Gregory Silvermaster, former official of the financial reconstruction
(aka PAL) corporation affiliated with the Department of Commerce.76
67. Donald Wheeler was also publicly named
by Elizabeth Bentley as a source for the Silvermaster group.
68. "Dan" does not appear in
Venona as a cryptonym. Stanley Graze was listed on the so-called "Lee
list" of State Department security risk suspects (1947).
not identified in Venona cable traffic. Venona New York to Moscow No. 588,
29 April 1944 discusses "Arena" as
someone in whose flat "MER" [code name of the Soviet "illegal" resident
Akhmerov prior to September 2, 1944] met Victor Perlo.
Graze was also listed on the so-called "Lee list" of State
Department security risk suspects (1947).
Flato's name appears in
clear text in Venona (Venona, No. 588, 29 April 1944) as a member of Victor
Perlo's Communist ("zemlaycheskaya") group. Flato is mentioned
under a pseudonym in Venona.
72. According to CP USA files in Moscow,
Flato had been a long-time, open Communist Party member: he joined the Party
in May 1935, and had the party name, C. D. Manchester; he was active in CP
USA District One in the news bureau, the revolutionary theatre, and in organizational
work on the ERA. Flato was later assigned to the Harvard unit of the CP USA.
[RGASPI, 515-1-4003, pp. 31-36.]
73. In World War II, Flato worked for the
U.S. Office of Economic Warfare.
74. Cryptonym known to and used by Gorsky
during his time as Washington, D.C. station chief. Victor Perlo was publicly
named during the course of the 1948 HUAC and grand jury hearings.
75. Cryptonym known to and used by Gorsky
during his time as Washington, D.C. station chief. Silvermaster appeared before
HUAC in 1948 and testified before the New York grand juries on December 15,
place of employment at the time of the 1948 and 1949 HUAC and grand jury
hearings. Silvermaster had been a long-time employee of the Department
of Agriculture, then joined the Department of Treasury until mid-1942,
and after that worked at the Farm Security Administration.
13. "Vim" (aka "Pazh" ["Page"])77 – Lauchlin
Currie, former aide to President Roosevelt.
14. "Pik" ["Pick"] – Frank
Coe, former chief of the monetary division of the Treasury
15. "Zholud'" ["Acorn"]79 – Bela
Gold, former official of the Commerce Department.80
16. "Zhenya"81 [Russian
short of Eugenia] – Sonia Gold, former secretary
to the chief of the Monetary Research Administration of the
17. "Tino"83 – Irving
Kaplan,84 former employee
of the Foreign Economic Administration.
18. "Saks" ["Sax" or "Sachs"]85 – Solomon
Adler,86 former official
of the U.S. Treasury Department.
"Pazh" ["Page"] used in Venona decrypted cable
traffic and identified by Venona decryptors as Lauchlin
Currie. "Vim" does not occur in Venona decrypted
cable traffic. Currie was publicly named by Bentley as
a source for the Silvermaster group during the 1948 HUAC
"Pik" ["Pick"] used in Venona decrypted cable traffic in
latter part of 1944 - 1945 and identified by Venona decryptors
as "possibly" Coe, Virginius Frank, formerly the director
of the Division of Monetary Research in the Department
of Treasury; after World War II was an important official
of the International Monetary Fund.
79. Code name used by Gorsky
during his time as Washington, D.C. rezident; named by Elizabeth
Bentley as a source for the Silvermaster group.
Bela Gold's post
war employment. Previously he had worked at the Senate Subcommittee
on War Mobilization and at the Office of Economic Programs
in the Foreign Economic Administration.
Code name used by Gorsky in his correspondence of 1944
- 1945; identified by Venona decryptors as "possibly" Sonia
Sonia Gold, nee Steinman, employed by the Treasury Department
(the Division of Monetary Research), August 24, 1943 to
August 21, 1947. Gold,
however, worked as an economist, not as a secretary, a rather
unusual accomplishment for a woman during that period.
83. Cryptonym not found
in any Venona decrypted messages.
The name of Irving Kaplan does not occur in Venona decrypted
messages. By the time of the compilation of "Gorsky's Report," however,
he had been publicly identified by Whittaker Chambers as a
member of an undercover "Communist Washington apparatus" in
85. Unidentified cryptonym
found in Venona decrypted cable traffic.
Solomon Adler was publicly named by Elizabeth Bentley as
part of Silvermaster's
network; appeared before the New York grand jury on January
19. "Pilot"87 – Ludwig
Ullmann, former official of the U.S. Department of War.88
20. "Bak" ["Buck")89 – David
Weintraub, former employee of the UNRRA.90
Cryptonym known to and used by Gorsky during his time as
Washington, D.C. station chief; used in Venona decrypted
cable traffic after September 2, 1944; had earlier been "Donald." Identified
by Venona decryptors as William Ludwig Ullman. "The Haunted
Wood" (p. 165), on the other hand, lists Ullman's
code name prior to September 2, 1944 as "Polo."
Captain William Ludwig Ullman of the U.S. Army Air Force.
89. "Buk" ["Buck"]
does not occur in Venona decrypted cable traffic.
The report lists David Weintraub's employment as
of the time he was named by Elizabeth Bentley as a source
for the Silvermaster group. Before that, and beginning
in 1943, David Weintraub had been deputy director of a
division of the new United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation
21. "Iks" ["X"]91 – Joseph
Katz, our old agent/group leader [gruppovik] (aka "Stukach" ["Informer"])
of a glove factory, a front that we set up.92 Is
currently in Italy, where on our assignment is organizing a
firm to serve as a cover [front] for underground messenger
communication between Europe and the USA.
Cryptonym known to and used by Gorsky during his time as
Washington, D.C. station chief; appears in Venona decrypted
cable traffic after September 2, 1944; his previous cryptonyms
had been "Duglas" ["Douglas"]
and "Stukach" ["Informer"]; this latter
code name also appears in Venona deciphered cable traffic.
92. Joseph Katz was a long-time
Soviet liaison man and later a group leader who operated from
the 1930s to the late 1940s. Was named by Elizabeth Bentley.
Venona New York to Moscow, No. 618,
4 May 1944 signed by "Maj" [then New York resident
Stepan Apresyan] discusses Joseph Katz's business dealings
in establishing the "TEMPUS Import Company," a
firm formed in New York City in 1944 to import leather goods
from South America. From 1939 to 1943/1944, the cover for Katz's
activities was provided by "MERIDEN Dental Laboratories," a
business Katz owned with his "working partner," Joseph
Wolfson. The latter "had very personal relations" with
Katz and was supposed to loan him $5,000 for setting up a new
p. 304 ends here]
of j.b. p. 305]
22. "Adam"93 – Eve
Getzov [Hetzov],94 employee
of the "Jewish Welfare Board."
23. "Zayats" ["Hare"]95 – Maurice
Halperin, former official of the Office of Strategic Services 96 (OSS).
*24. "Kokh"97 – Duncan
Lee, former OSS official.98
Code name occurring in Venona decrypted 1945 cable traffic
and not identified by Venona decryptors. Venona Moscow
to London, No. 34, 21 September 1945 discusses "Adam" as a possible Soviet male
case officer in connection with "Khiks" ["Hicks," probably
94. In 1939 and 1940, Eva
Getsov reportedly served as a courier between Jacob Golos
and the Soviet New York station chief, Gaik Ovakimyan.
95. Cryptonym appearing
in Venona decrypted 1943 - 1945 cable traffic; identified by
Venona decryptors as Maurice Halperin. Halperin was named by
Elizabeth Bentley as a source for Jacob Golos since the 1930s.
96. Maurice Halperin became
chief of the Latin American Section of the Research and Analysis
Branch of the O.S.S. in 1943.
Code name appearing in Venona decrypted cable traffic in
1944 - 1945; identified by Venona decryptors as Duncan
C. Lee, who was the personal assistant to OSS Director
William J. Donovan. Lee appeared before HUAC's August
98. Far Eastern Section
of OSS (1943).
25. "Muza" ["Muse"]99 – Helen
Tenney, former OSS employee.
26. "Flora" – Ruth
Rivkin, former UNRRA employee.100
27. "Mon"101 – Bernard
Redmont, former employee of the Rockefeller Committee.102
28. "Mirazh" ["Mirage"]103 – Robert
Miller, formerly State Department employee.104
29. "Dir"105 – Mary
Price,106 former secretary
of American journalist Lippmann.
30. "Gor"107 – Joseph
Gregg,108 former employee
of the Rockefeller Committee.
31. "Fedya" ["Teddy"]109 – William
Remington,110 former employee
of the War Production Board.
32. "Ostorozhnyi" ["Cautious"/"Careful"]111 – Julius
Joseph, former OSS employee.112
33. "Ekho" ["Echo"]113 – S.
Schuster, staff member of the Central Committee of the CPUSA.
34. "Irma"114 – Ray
Elson,115 former vice-president
of the "United States Service and Shipping Corporation."
35. "Grin"116 – John
Spivak, journalist, prior to '41 [worked on] the Trotskyite
99. Cryptonym occurring
in Venona decrypted cable traffic. Named by Elizabeth Bentley
in early November 1945.
Ruth Rivkin was named by Elizabeth Bentley as a minor source
for Golos's network.
Cryptonym occurring in Venona decrypted cable traffic;
not identified by Venona decryptors. Elizabeth Bentley
named Redmond as a minor source for Golos's network.
102. Journalist and official
at the Office of the Coordinator of Inter-American Affairs
headed by Nelson A. Rockefeller.
103. Cryptonym occurring
in Venona decrypted cable traffic; not identified by Venona
Robert Talbot Miller was named by Elizabeth Bentley as
a source at the Office of the Coordinator of Inter-American
Affairs where he worked from September 1941 - June 1944.
In Gorsky's own time as Washington, D.C. rezident, Miller
worked at the Department of State (June 1944 - December
Cryptonym used in Soviet 1944 - 1945 cable traffic; identified
by Venona decryptors as "possibly" Mary Wolfe
106. Price appeared before
the New York grand jury on December 3, 1947.
Cryptonym "Gor"/"Hor" occurs
in Venona decrypted cable traffic; not identified by Venona
108. Elizabeth Bentley named
Joseph Gregg as a source at the Office of the Coordinator of
Cryptonym "Phedya" [in
English, "Teddy"] does not occur in Venona decrypted
William Walter Remington testified at HUAC's August
1948 hearings; was tried for perjury, convicted, and later
murdered in prison.
Cryptonym occurring in Venona deciphered cable traffic.
Julius J. Joseph appeared before the New York grand jury
on November 25, 1947. During World War II, he worked at
the Office of Emergency Management (1942) and the Labor
War Manpower Commission (1943), and for the Far Eastern
section (Japanese intelligence) of the OSS (1943 - 1945).
Code name used in Soviet cable traffic in 1944; identified
by Venona decryptors as "possibly" Bernard Schuster [who had the Communist
Party cover name, "Chester"]. Also appears as "Dik" ["Dick"]
in Venona New York to Moscow, No. 1715, 5 December 1944.
114. Cryptonym does not
occur in Venona decrypted cable traffic.
115. Elizabeth Bentley
named Ray Elson as a long-time courier for Jacob Golos and
her replacement at the United States Service and Shipping Corporation.
116. "Grin" sounds
like a cryptonym of Russian origin, probably in reference to
the popular Russian writer of the 1920s, Alexander Grin. The
translation "green" is inappropriate, since Venona
cryptonyms of this type are given in their Russian spelling.
To be translated as "green," the Russian original
should have been "Zeleonyi", Russian for "green".
The cryptonym occurs in Venona deciphered cable traffic; not
identified by Venona decryptors. Venona New York to Moscow,
No. 601 discusses an unidentified "Grin" appealing
to "Kallistrat" [Alexander Feklissov] in connection
with a request for financial assistance from Joe North, editor
of New Masses.
117. That is, anti-Trotskyite.
35.118 "Vadim" – A.
V. Gorsky,119 former rezident
of the MGB120 USSR in Washington,
[resides] in the USSR.
36. "Lucya" ["Lucy"]121 – Pravdina,
former AMTORG employee, wife of "Sergei," the rezident
in New York. [Resides] in the USSR.
37. "Sergei" – V.
rezident of the MGB USSR in New York. [Resides] in the USSR.
38. "Shtok"123 – our
cadre officer [operative] M. Shalyapin. [Resides] in
39. "Gennadii" ["Gennady"]124 – G.
B. Ovakimian, fomer rezident of the MGB USSR in New York. [Resides]
in the USSR.
40. "Al'bert" ["Albert"]125 – A.
I. Akhmerov, former illegal rezident of the MGB USSR in New
York. [Resides] in the USSR.
119. In 1944 and 1945, the
NKGB resident in Washington, D.C. under the alias of Anatoly
Borisovich Gromov; operated under the cover of First Secretary
at the Soviet Embassy in Washington, D.C. At the time of writing
his report he was head of the 1st department of MGB intelligence
of the Committee of Information (KI).
Gorsky gives here the name the agency took in 1946. During
Gorsky's time in
the United States (and during the postings of the operatives
listed below), the agency was the NKGB.
Cryptonym occurring in decrypted Venona cable traffic -
a short form of the Russian name, Ludmila; Olga Borisovna
Pravdina, a former employee of AMTORG Trading Corporation;
a contact for Elizabeth Bentley, whom the latter knew as "Margaret."
Vladimir Sergeevich Pravdin, alias of Rollan Abbiate, aka
Rossi [Born in St. Petersburg of French descent]; NKGB
intelligence operative, deputy rezident and rezident in
New York, October 19, 1941 - Autumn 1943, and January 1944
- March 11, 1946, under the cover of TASS bureau chief.
Recalled following Bentley's betrayal, since she
knew his wife. Discharged in 1947.
123. Cryptonym appearing
in Venona decrypted cable traffic; identified by Venona decryptors
as Mikhail A. Shalyapin, NKGB New York station operative. Left
the U.S. in May 1945.
124. Cryptonym appearing
in Venona decrypted cable traffic; identified by Venona decryptors
as Lieutenant General Ovakimyan; formerly operative and New
York rezident in the United States (1933 - early 1941, until
his arrest on May 5, 1941).
125. "Mer" ["Mayor"]
prior to September 2, 1944; both code names identified by Venona
decryptors as Itskhak Abdulovich Akhmerov who operated in the
United States on two missions, 1933 - 1939 [with the code name "Jung"]
and 1942 - 45 [with the code names "Mer"/"Mayor" and "Albert"],
serving as an "illegal" operative (1933 - 1937)
and an "illegal" station chief (in 1938-39 and
again from 1942 - 1945).
41. "El'za" ["Elsa"] – Akhmerova,
Albert's wife, American, Soviet citizen.126 [Resides]
in the USSR.
42. "Gruzd'" ["Milk
mushroom"]127 – Willard
Parp, former employee of the Rockefeller Commission.
43. "Charlie"128 – Cedric
Belfrage,129 former officer
of the English intelligence rezidentura in New York. Presently
Helen Lowry, Earl Browder's
niece, whom Akhmerov married in 1939. From 1936 - 1939 she
worked with Akhmerov, under the code name "Ada" ["Essays
on the History of Russian Foreign Intelligence," vol.
3.] Was named by Elizabeth Bentley as one of her contacts.
According to John Earl Haynes' most detailed Venona index, the cryptonym "Mushroom" does
not occur in Venona traffic; I cannot be as sure, however,
for Russian "Gruzd'" of "Gorsky's
128. Unidentified cryptonym
that appeared in Venona deciphered cable traffic.
Belfrage was named by Elizabeth Bentley as Jacob Golos's
source at the wartime British Security Coordination Office
in Washington, D.C.
The "Berg" – "Art" Group
1. "Berg"130 – Alexander
Koral, former engineer of the municipality of New York.
2. "Art"131 – Helen
Koral, Berg's wife, housewife.
3. "Syn" ["Son"]132 – Richard
Koral, son, student.
4. "Dlinnyi" ["Long"] – Norman
Hight [Haite?],133 engineer
for the firm "Sperry Gyroscope Company" in New
Cryptonym appearing in 1944 - 1945 decrypted Venona cable
traffic; identified by Venona decryptors as Alexander Koral,
a Communist Party USA activist. Previously “Don" [most probably, from the Spanish "Sen'or."] Alexander Koral used to be a long-time agent of the Soviet "illegal," Itskhak Akhmerov. Alexander and Helen Korals were mostly used as liaison agents from, 1933 or 1934 to 1939, and again in 1942-1945. The Korals cooperated with the FBI beginning in 1948.
131. Cryptonym used in Venona
deciphered cable traffic in 1945; identified by Venona decryptors
as Helen Koral. Previously "Carmen."
132. Cryptonym occuring in
Venona deciphered cable traffic in 1944 (Venona, No. 1043,
25 July 1944) in connection with receipt of letter no. 4; not
identified by Venona translators. According to available information, Richard Koral had not been an agent of the Soviet intelligence, since his cultivation had taken place immediately prior to Elizabeth Bentley’s defection on November 8, 1945, hence, his recruitment was not completed and there was no further contact with him. At the time of his cultivation, he was assigned a code name “Ptenets” ["Nestler" or "Nestling."] The name on Gorsky's List appears to be garbled.
133. Cryptonym not occurring
in Venona decrypted cable traffic; unknown name.
5. "Smart"134 – Elliot
Goldberg, engineer for an oil equipment company in New York.
6. "Guron" ["Huron"]135 – Byron
T. Darling, engineer for the Rubber Company.136
7. "Uchitel'nitsa" ["Teacher",
female]137 – Melamed,
teacher in a music school in New York.
8. "Kora" ["Cora"]138 – Emma
Unidentified code name occurring in Venona decrypted cable
135. Unidentified scientific
source in decrypted Venona cable traffic.
Gorsky lists Darling's
occupation at the time of his (that is Gorsky's) operations
in the United States as station chief in Washington, D.C. According
to data compiled by John Earl Haynes, Darling was a research
physicist at the U.S. Rubber Corporation, in Detroit, from
137. According to John Earl
Haynes, an unknown code name and name.
Cryptonym occurring in decrypted Venona cable traffic;
identified by Venona decryptors, but, according to John
Earl Haynes, redacted at the time of release.
9. "Lock" – Sylvia
secretary of the secret code division, Office of War Information.
10. "Chizh" ["Siskin"] – Eduardo
Pekino, businessman in Caracas, Venezuela.
11. "Gonetz" ["Herald" or "Messenger"] – Richard
Setaro, journalist/writer, former employee of the "Columbia
Broadcasting Systems," presently in Buenos Aires.
12. "Artem" – A.
Slavyakin, our cadre officer [operative]. [Resides] in
13. "Tven" ["Twain"] – S.
M. Semenov [Semyonov]140, rezident,
technical intelligence for the KI in Paris, presently on leave
14. "Aleksey" – A.
A. Yatskov,141 our
cadre officer [operative]. [resides] in the USSR.
15. "Juliya" ["Julia"]142 – O.
V. Shimmel,143 our cadre
officer [operative]. [resides] in the USSR.
16. "Shah" – K.
A. Chugunov, our cadre officer [operative], [resides] in
A. Gorsky (Dec. 48)144
[end of j.b. p. 305]
139. Unknown code name and
140. Semen Markovich Semenov,
Soviet long-time operative in the United States (1938 - 1944)
on the scientific and industrial line. Operated under the cover
of an AMTORG engineer. Ran quite a number of agents who had
been recruited or talent-spotted by Jacob Golos, including
Julius Rosenberg, in an electrical and radio engineering network
(early 1942 - mid-1944).
141. Anatoly Antonovich Yatskov,
Soviet operative in the United States on scientific, industrial
and atomic lines (1941 - 1946). Operated under the name of
Yakovlev and under the diplomatic cover of the Soviet New York
Cryptonym used in decrypted Venona cable traffic in 1943
- 1945; identified by Venona decryptors as Olga Valentinovna
143. Most probably the real
name of Olga Khlopkova.
An probable mistake in the dating [read: 1949], either Alexander
Vassiliev's or Gorsky's.
The portions of File 43173, Vol. 1 that I managed to reconstruct
with "The Haunted Wood" quotes and Alexander Vassiliev's
now available notes of some portions of this file clearly show
the strictly ascending chronological order of the documents
on file. Hence, Gorsky's December 23, 1949 covering report
to Gen. Savchenko would have had no chance whatsoever of being
filed ahead of his "Failures in the USA (1938-48)" list,
had that list in fact been written in 1948.
here to return to "The Story Behind Vassiliev's
here to read an analysis and discussion of "Gorsky's