judge of the second Hiss trial was a Republican
appointed to the bench by President Warren G.
Harding in the early 1920s. Goddard was
criticized by Alger Hiss and his attorneys for
a series of rulings they said were unfair to
the defense. He allowed the testimony of Edith
Murray, Chambers' alleged maid, as a
rebuttal witness at the end of the trial instead
of as a direct witness, which prevented the
defense from preparing an effective cross examination.
He also allowed Hede
Massing to testify after Judge
Samuel Kaufman barred her from the first
to Tony Hiss's Laughing
Last, Goddard napped frequently during
the trial. Goddard seated the vocal conservative
Alice Longworth Roosevelt (President Theodore
Roosevelt's daughter) and her niece in front
of the jury. The pair made a practice
of smiling and nodding their heads whenever
the prosecutor would make a point and frowning
when defense attorneys made theirs.
1952, Goddard denied the defense's motion for
a new trial, not even allowing a hearing on
the matter, despite a huge amount of new evidence
turned up by the Hiss team after his conviction.