Alger Hiss first realized that he had known Chambers in the
past, he remembered him as a freelance writer named "George
Crosley." In testimony before the House Un-American Activities
Committee, Chambers denied using the name. At the second trial,
however, he said it was possible that he had used it. Why
did he change his testimony? The defense had obtained the
following affidavit from a New York publisher named Samuel
Roth. The defense decided not to call Roth as a witness at
trial because of Roth's obscenity convictions for publishing
OF NEW YORK
OF NEW YORK
ROTH, being duly sworn, deposes and says:
I am an author and publisher, at present engaged both in writing
and publishing books, and I have been so engaged since the
year 1917. I do business under the name of the Seven Sirens
Press at 20 Vesey Street, New York 7, N.Y. I am married and
live with my wife at 11 East 81st Street, New York, New York.
I knew a man by the name of Whittaker Chambers during the
years 1926 and 1927. He was a man of medium height, careless
in dress, with obviously bad teeth and sandy hair. I have
followed the newspaper accounts of the testimony of Whittaker
Chambers before the House Un-American Activities Committee
and I am satisfied that this is the same man that I formerly
When I knew Whittaker Chambers in 1926 and 1927, I was engaged
in publishing a group of magazines entitled Two Worlds Quarterly,
Two Worlds Monthly, and Secret Memoirs. In 1926, Mr.
Chambers submitted to me several poems for publication under
his own name. I paid for and published at least two of them.
A copy of an issue of Two Worlds Quarterly containing
one of such poems is attached hereto marked Exhibit A.
At another time during the year 1927, Mr. Chambers submitted
to me a group of poems for publication in one of my magazines.
These poems were submitted to me with a letter signed by Whittaker
Chambers in which Mr. Chambers requested that I publish the
poems under the name of "George Crosley." It is
possible he spelled the name "George Crossley."
I have made a careful search for this letter but have not
been able to find it. I held these poems for about a year
and could not decide whether or not to publish them. Finally,
Mr. Chambers requested me to return them and I sent them to
him at an address in a small town in Long Island. This address
had been typed on the upper left-hand corner of each of the
poems submitted to me by Mr. Chambers for publication under
the name "George Crosley."
I have searched whatever records I have for the years 1926
and 1927 and have not been able to find any correspondence
between Mr. Chambers and myself. However, I remember clearly
that Mr. Chambers submitted to me the poems referred to above
for publication under the pseudonym "George Crosley."
My memory is fortified by reason of the fact that I held the
poems for a long period of time and by the further fact that
one of the poems was of particular interest to me.
During 1926 and 1927 I saw Whittaker Chambers on at least
six occasions. Our relationship was primarily a business one
and generally I saw him at my office. However, I believe that
Mr. Chambers has been in my home. Once during this period
I saw Mr. Chambers on East 13th Street, New York City, where
I ran into him accidentally. At that time, I learned from
him that he was working for one of the Communist newspapers,
"The Daily Worker" or "The New Masses."
On eight or nine occasions during my career as a publisher,
both state and federal authorities have questioned the decency
of the books which I have published and sold, and the illustrations
which accompanied them. Most of the complaints against me
were adjudicated in my favor. However, I was prosecuted and
sentenced to 60 days imprisonment in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
for selling "Ulysses" by James Joyce in 1929 or thereabouts;
I was prosecuted and sentenced to three months' imprisonment
in New York for selling "Blank and Madonna" by Boccaccio
in 1928 or thereabouts; I was prosecuted and fined $100 for
selling "Anecdota Americana" in New York City in 1933
or thereabouts. In 1936, I was prosecuted by the United States
government for transmitting obscene matters through the United
States mails and was sentenced to imprisonment for three years
by the United States District Court for the Southern District
of New York. I served most of this sentence in the federal
penitentiary at Lewisburg, Pennsylvania.
to me Samuel Roth
3rd day of September, 1948
Public, State of New York
in New York County
on the Chambers-Hiss Relationship